Đề cương ôn thi môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 (Có đáp án)

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  1. Unit 1; HOMELIFE TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. share b. rare c. are d. declare 2. a. cooks b. loves c. joins d. spends 3. a. advises b. raises c. devises d. goes 4. a. teacher b. children c. chore d. school 5. a. hurry b. under c. pressure d. rush Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. He has been very interested in doing research on ___ since he was at high school. a. biology b. biological c. biologist d. biologically 7. Are you sure that boys are more ___ than girls? a. act b. active c. action d. activity 8. It is generally believed that "Men make ___ house and women make ___ home". a. Ø / Ø b. a / an c. the / the d. an / the 9. Most doctors and nurses have to work on a ___ once or twice a week at the hospital. a. solution b. night shift c. household chores d. special dishes 10.We enjoy ___ time together in the evening when the family members gather in the living room after a day of working hard. a. spending b. caring c. taking d. doing 11.It is parents' duty and responsibility to ___ hands to take care of their children and give them a happy home. a. shake b. hold c. join d. take 12.He is a ___ boy. He is often kind and helpful to every classmate. a. frank b. lovely c. obedient d. caring 13.Doctors are supposed to ___ responsibility for human life. a. do b. take c. rush d. join 14.___ sure that you follow the instructions carefully. a. Believe b. Try c. Do d. Make 15.Sometimes Mr. Pike has to work very late ___ night to do some important experiments. a. in b. at c. for d. on 16.Peter was ___ a hurry to go so he did not stop to greet me. a. in b. on c. with d. over 17.It ___ it is parents' responsibility to take good care of their children. a. commonly says that b. commonly to be said that c. is commonly said that d. is commonly saying 18.Most children enjoy ___ with their parents and sibships. a. play b. to play c. playing d. played 19.He studies ___ his two brothers. a much better than b. more better than c. more good than d. very better than 20.___ the eldest child, he works hard to help his parents support the family. a. Be b. Is c. To be d. Being 21.They ___ for 3 hours when the storm suddenly broke. a had been running b. have been running c. are running d. will be running 22.No matter what happens next I ___ help you. a. am b. have c. will d. would 23.I ___ come to the conclusion that nowadays nobody cares about anything. a. will b. had c. do d. have 24.I assumed you ___ paying for the repairs until the end of last year. a. have been b. was been c. are being d. had been 25.___ get tired of answering the same questions every day? a. Have you ever b. Had you ever c. Do you ever d. Are you ever 35
  2. 26.She ___ working on that manuscript for 2 years now. a. will be b. has been c. had been d. is 27.I ___ there once a long time ago and ___ back since. a. went / have not been b. go / am not c. have gone / was d. was going / had not been 28.She ___ trying to pass her driving test but fails every time. a. kept b. is keeping c. had kept d. keeps 29.I ___ complete silence now while I try this experiment. a. am wanting b. want c. did want d. have wanted 30.The students ___ by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they ___ by Mr. Tanzer. a. are usually taught / are being taught b. usually teach / are teaching c. have usually been taught / have been teaching d. were usually teaching / are teaching Error Identification. 31.Stayed s strong, family members have to be engaged in each other's lives (to stay) 32.Sometimes all it takes is a few minutes to help you and your family members feelings more in touch with each other. (feed / to feed) 33.Meal time is a great time for family members to talk about thats is going on in their lives. (what) 34.Meal time also gives children a chance to learn how some of their favorite dishes makings. (made) 35.Playing games together is teachable moments to share lessons about sportsmanship, teamwork, perseverance, and to bes tolerant of others. (being) Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Jean spent her first few years in Hooper and her family moved to Otsego early in her life. She was only ten when her father died unexpectedly, leaving her mother to raise and support their family alone. Her mother soon went to work outside the home to provide for the family, and Jean, being one of the oldest, had to help care for her younger siblings. Although she had much responsibility at home, Jean thoroughly enjoyed school and was an excellent student. She went on to graduate 10th in her class at Otsego High School in 1953. While still in high school, Jean met a young man named Charles "Chuck" Holly, at a dance in Alamo; and they were quite taken with each other. Over the next few years, their love for each other blossomed and they were married on February 24, 1953, while Jean was still in school. At the time, Chuck was serving his country in the military, and had come home on leave to marry his sweetheart. Unfortunately, shortly thereafter, he was sent overseas to serve in Korea for the next fifteen months. Upon his discharge, the couple settled into married life together in the Plainwell, Otsego area. To help make ends meet, Jean went to work at the collection bureau in Kalamazoo for a while, before taking a job at the cheese company in Otsego. In 1964, Chuck and Jean were overjoyed with the birth of their son, Chuck, who brought great joy into their lives. Jean remembered how her mother was always gone so much working after her father died and she did not want that for her son, so she left her job to devote herself to the role of a mother. 36.Before Jean's father passed away, her mother used to ___. a. work outside the home b. be a housewife c. support the family alone d. work as a secretary 37.Which is not referred to Jean? a. She was a responsible girl. b. She never helped her mother with household chores. c. She often did well at school. ' d. She went to high school. 38.Jean's husband was a ___. a. teacher b. dancer c. soldier d. servant 39.Jean ___. a. served in the military b. lived in Korea for fifteen months 36
  3. c. had a daughter d. got married when she was a student 40.Which is not true about Jean? a. She disliked staying at home and taking care of her child. b. She worked outside the home before she had a child. c. She was very happy when she got a baby. d. She quit her job to look after her baby. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. There are many reasons (41) ___ taking regular time with our family is important: It (42) ___ a place to listen, teach,.learn, and (43) ___ ourselves freely and safely. It provides (44) ___ to discuss family joys, issues, and problems. Family members can practice skills in a non-threatening (45) ___. Families are a (46) ___ part of our society and the fabric of our communities - we spend (47) ___ time together to get our feelings (48) ___ belonging, our values, support and understanding. It helps (49) ___ family members together and feel safe in today's world where (50) ___ can lead to family disintegration 41.a. that b. why c. when d. which 42.a. creates b. invents c. develops d. makes 43.a. think b. show c. express d. say 44.a. opportunities b. conditions c. situations d. circumstances 45.a. air b. nature c. space d. atmosphere 46.a. attractive b. real c. deep d. basic 47.a. a b. an c. the d. no article 48.a. in b. of c. on d. for 49.a. keep b. keeping c. kept d. with keeping 50.a. push b. press c. pressure d. pull TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. hospital1 b. mischievous1 c. supportive2 d. special1 2. a. family1 b. whenever2 c. obedient2 d. solution2 3. a. biologist2 b. generally1 c. responsible2 d. security2 4. a. confident1 b. important2 c. together2 d. exciting2 5. a. possible1. b. university3 c. secondary1 d. suitable1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. You are old enough to take ___ for what you have done. a. responsible b. responsibility c. responsibly d. irresponsible 7. These quick and easy ___ can be effective in the short term, but they have a cost. a. solve b. solvable c. solutions d. solvability 8. John is ___ only child in his family so his parents love him a lot. a. a b. an c. the d. no article 9. According to the boss, John is the most ___ for the position of executive secretary. a. supportive b. caring c. suitable d. comfortable 10.She got up late and rushed to the bus stop. a. came into b. went leisurely c. went quickly d. dropped by 11.Billy, come and give me a hand with cooking. a. help b. prepared c. be busy d. attempt 12.Whenever problems come up, we discuss them frankly and find solutions quickly. a. .happen b. encounter c. arrive d. clean 13.What are the ___ of that country? - I think it is some kinds of cheese and sauces. a. drinks b. beverages c. grains d. special dishes 14.Peter tried his best and passed the driving test at the first ___. a. try b. attempt c. doing d. aim 15.Where is Jimmy? - He is ___ work. He is busy ___ his monthly report. a. on / for b. in / about c. to / through d. at / with 16.With greatly increased workloads, everyone is ___ pressure now. a. under b. above c. upon d. out of 37
  4. 17.We are not allowed ___ jeans at school. a. wear b. to wear c. wearing d. worn 18.Sometimes I do not feel like ___ to my sibling about my troubles. a. talk b. to talk c. talking d. talked 19.The worker was ___ his boss expected, so he was offered a raise. a. more hard-working b. as hard-working than c. more hard-working than d. more hard-working as 20.John ___ a respectful and obedient student. a. said to be b. is said c. is said being d. is said to be 21.I love ___ films but I seldom find time to go the cinema. a. see b. saw c. seen d. seeing 22.In the last hundred years, traveling ___ much easier and more comfortable. a. becomes b. has become c. became d. will become 23.In the 19th century, it ___ two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. a. took b. had taken c. had taken d. was taking 24.In the past the trip ___ very rough and often dangerous, but things ___ a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. a. was / have changed b. is / change c. had been / will change d. has been / changed 25.Now you ___ from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. a. are flying b. would fly c. will fly d. can fly 26.When Carol ___ last night, I ___ my favorite show on television. a. was calling / watched b. called / have watched c. called / was watching d. had called / watched 27.By this time next summer, you ___ your studies. a. completes b. will complete c. are completing d. will have completed 28.Right now, Jim ___ the newspaper and Kathy ___ dinner. a. reads / has cooked b. is reading / is cooking c. has read / was cooking d. read / will be cooking 29.Last night at this time, they ___ the same thing. She ___ and he the Newspaper. a. are doing / is cooking / is reading b. were doing / was cooking / was reading c. was doing / has cooked / is reading d. had done / was cooking /read 30.When I ___ home last night, I ___ that Jane ___ a beautiful candlelight dinner. a. had arrived / discovered / prepared b. was arriving / had discovered / was preparing c. have arrived / was discovering / had prepared d. arrived / discovered / was preparing Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31.They are not allowed to go out in the evening by their parents. a. Their parents do not want them to go out in the evening. b. Their parents never let them to go out in the evening. c. Going out in the evening is permitted by their parents. d. Although their parents do not allow, they still go out in the evening. 32.Although my parents are busy at work, they try to find time for their children. a. My parents are so busy at work that they cannot find time for their children. b. Busy at work as my parents are, they try to find time for their children. c. My parents are too busy at work to find time for their children. d. My friends rarely have time for their children because they are busy at work. 33.His eel soup is better than any other soups I have ever eaten. a. Of all the soups I have ever eaten, his eel soup is the best. b. I have ever eaten many soups that are better than his eel soup. c. His eel soup is the worst of all soups I have eaten. d. His eel soup is good but I have ever eaten many others better. 38
  5. 34.She gets up early to prepare breakfast so that her children can come to school on time. a. Despite her getting up early to prepare breakfast, her children cannot come to school on time. . b. Because she wanted her children to come to school on time, she gets up early to prepare breakfast. c. If she does not get up early to prepare breakfast, her children will not come to school on time. d. Unless she gets up early to prepare breakfast, her children will not come to school on. 35.The last time I went to the museum was a year ago. a. I have not been to the museum for a year. b. A year ago, I often went to the museum. c. My going to the museum lasted a year. d. At last I went to the museum after a year. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Every family has its quirks. Mine is no different. I was born in an Italian- American family in 1973. We follow the classic stereotype. My father works and my mother stays home with the kids. There are certain things that we remember from our childhood: phrases, jokes, movies. But one piece of advice that sticks with me from an early age comes from my mother. "Don't finish your food or you will never get married." It was an illogical jump from the idea that a "lady" is not a glutton and therefore will not finish the food on her plate or take the last cookie off of the platter. A "lady" especially a young lady must never appear hungry. If she did, she would not be an ideal candidate for a wife. To this day, I do not finish what is on my plate and I will never eat the last of anything. It is not a conscience thing. When 1 think about it, 1 make a point to finish the food on my plate, there is still some teenage rebellion against mom in this thirty-four year-old body, but the thought of not finishing is so ingrained that I rarely think about it. When my husband and I are at dinner, he will gesture to something on the table and say, "Finish your food" and 1 will respond, "I can't, I'll never get married." That always makes him laugh and say, "So what have these last six years been?" But for me it is something special that I will carry around with me - something that is my family. My brother remembers the phrase and he admits that in his dating days he did watch to see if any of the girls would take the last piece of pie or pizza. I think he fell in love with his fiancé because she would eat whatever she wanted to and do not worry about anyone judging her for it. As I embark on starting my own family, I wonder what I will tell my daughter. Will I encourage her to finish every last piece? Or will I continue to the legacy of my mother and tell her not eat the last piece lest she not get married? Will she one day laugh to her girlfriends about her mother leaving one granola bar, one piece of cheese, or one rice cake alone in their bags? 36.The writer's mother never let her eat the last piece of food on her plate. a. True b. False c. No information 37.All the mothers in the world never let t4eir daughter eat the last piece of food on their plate. a. True b. False c. No information 38.The writer often eats up all she has on her Plate and up to now she is still single. a. True b. False c. No information 39.The writer does not believe in what her mother has said but she considers her mother's words something special. a. True b. False c. No information 40.The writer has two sons. a. True b. False c. No information Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. On December 10, 2006, I was going through some hard time. The landlady did not want to release the house any more so I had to (41) ___ and only had one month to find a place. Because Christmas was coming and it was difficult for me to (42) ___ a suitable accommodation. I had only some money (43) ___. I could not buy a Christmas tree and some presents for my three boys, (44) ___ I had to use the money to find a place to live. Tome, it broke my heart as I could not prepare the Christmas for my three boys. I have been their only parent since my husband (45) ___ away two years ago. I was so sad and everything was getting on my nerves. Although I managed to solve the problem myself I could not help (46) 39
  6. ___ my sons about the things. When I suddenly woke up at midnight, I found my eldest son was sitting (47) ___me. He kissed me and said, "Don't worry, Mum. We love you very much and always stand by you (48) ___ happens." At the moment I started weeping, grabbed him and kissed him. His words and love made me (49) ___ all about what I was stressing about. In fact ever since that moment, I have realized that I can overcome any problems thanks to my sons' love. The most important thing of my life is that my boys are safe and healthy, and they bring me joy all the time. The memory (50) ___ me that nothing really matters, when I have the love of my children. 41.a. transfer b. convert c. move d. change 42.a. notice b. watch c. find d. see 43.a. leave b. to leave c. leaving d. left 44.a. because b. although c. as though d. if 45.a. passes b. passed c. has passed d. was passing 46.a. tell b. to tell c. told d. telling 47.a. by b. next c. over d. up 48.a. whenever b. whatever c. whoever d. however 49.a. forget b. to forget c. forgot d. forgetting 50.a. remembers b. minds c. reminds d. misses TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. hands b. parents c. chores d. boys 2. a. brothers b. weekends c. problems d. secrets 3. a. clothes b. cloths c. roofs d. books 4. a. enjoys b. feels c. takes d. gives 5. a. attempts b. shares c. looks d. beliefs Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. He was looking at his parents ___, waiting for recommendations. a. obey b. obedience c. obedient d. obediently 7. The interviews with parents showed that the vast majority were ___ of teachers. a. support b. supportive c. supporter d. supporting 8. Billy has been seriously ill, and he was taken to ___ hospital yesterday a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 9. My husband and I both go out to work so we share the ___. a. happiness b. household chores c. responsibility d. employment 10.You should not burn ___. You had better dig a hole and bury it. a. dishes b. lab c. garbage d. shift 11.He was very respectful at home and ___ to his parents. a. responsible b. caring c. obedient d. lovely 12.One of Vietnamese traditions is a belief in ___ families and in preserving their cultures. a. wealthy b. secure c. safe d. close-knit 13.He was ___ when I had those problems and said whatever I did he would stand by me. a. supportive b. exciting c. busy d. dull 14.He was determined to give his family a secure and solid ___. a. base b. floor c. basement d. ground 15.It's hard work looking ___ three children all day. a. after b. up c. to d. through 16.When my mother is busy preparing dinner, my father often gives a hand ___ tidying the living room. a. on b. with c. for d. about 17.I put your keys in the drawer ___ they cannot get lost. a. because b. let alone c. instead of d. so that 18.Alex is busy ___ for his exams. a. to study b. studied c. studying d. studies 19.She is never willing ___ any personal question. a. answer b. to answer c. answering d. answered 40
  7. 20.___ a doctor, you have to meet some certain requirements of the medical college. a. To become b. Become c. Becoming d. Became 21.Sam ___ to change a light bulb when he ___ and ___. a. was trying / slipped / fell b. tried / was slipping / falling c. had been trying / slippe d / was falling d. has tried / slips / falls 22.Every day I ___ up at 6 o'clock, ___ breakfast at 7 o'clock and ___ for work at 8 o'clock a. get / eat / leave b. have got / eating / leaving c. got / ate / left d. will get / have eaten / left 23.Yesterday, I ___ for work late because I ___ to set my alarm. a. had left / forgot b. was leaving / was forgetting c. left / had forgot d. had been leaving / would forget 24.By the time we ___ to the train station, Susan ___ for us for more than two hours. a. will get / has been waiting b. got / was waiting c. got / had been waiting d. get / will wait 25.I ___ for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I ___ next year. a. am working / will retire b. am going to work / am retiring c. work / am going to retire d. have been working / retire 26.My mother always the first ___ up and the last ___ to bed. a. getting / going b. to get / going c. getting / to go d. to get / to go 27.I ___ you last night after dinner, but you ___ there. Where ___ you? a. was calling / are not / are b. called / were not / were c. had called / had not been / were d. called / have not been / are 28.The Titanic ___ the Atlantic when it ___ an iceberg. a. was crossing / struck b. had crossed / was striking c. crossed / had struck d. is crossing / strikes 29.___ to come over for dinner tonight? a. Do you want b. Are you wanting c. Have you wanted d. Will you want 30.What ___ at this time tomorrow? a. will you do b. will you be doing c. will you have done d. will you have been doing Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31.Family rules / important / teach children values / respect for themselves and others. a. Family rules are important, teaching children values and respect for themselves and others. b. Family rules are important which teach children values and respect for themselves and others. c. It is family rules are important because they teach children values and respect for themselves and others. d. Family rules are important. They teach children values and respect for themselves and others. 32.Family rules / help / raise children / run a household / easier and smoother. a. Family rules help to raise children but run a household easier and smoother. b. Family rules help raise children or run a household more easier and smoother. c. Family rules that help raise children and run a household easier and smoother. d. Family rules help raise children and run a household easier and smoother. 33.My mother / definitely a traditional stay-at-home woman / offer / us / great love and a strict upbringing. a. My mother is definitely a traditional stay-at-home woman, offers us great love and a strict upbringing. b. My mother is definitely a traditional stay-at-home woman, who offers us great love and a strict upbringing. c. Because my mother is definitely a traditional stay-at-home woman so she offers us great love and a strict upbringing. 41
  8. d. As definitely is my mother a traditional stay-at-home woman, but she offers us great love and a strict upbringing. 34.everyone in my family / do the share / household chores. a. Everyone in my family has to do the share of household chores. b. Everyone in my family, they must do the share of household chores. c. As everyone in my family has to do the share of household chores. . d. To everyone in my family, we have to do our share of household chores. 35.We / not allow / go out in the evening / make / finish all homework / go to bed. a. We do not allow going out in the evening and make finish all homework before going to bed. b. We are not allowed to go out in the evening and are made to finish all homework before going to bed. c. We are not allowed to go out in the evening so we are made to finish all homework before going to bed. d. Although we are not allowed to go out in the evening but we are made to finish all homework before going to bed. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. I was born to dance. I've been dancing all my life, ever since my mother, who gave up a dancing career on the stage when she married my father, picked me up and twirled me around as an infant. As much as I loved dancing with her, her greatest gift to me was her "unconditional love" during her lifetime. My parents divorced after only 5 years of marriage, but my father remarried a lovely lady who also loved to dance. They used to take me to a dancing club where I would listen to the music and watch them dance-occasionally my stepmother, Mary, invited me to dance. I also met my wife, Charlotte, in a dancing party. I danced with her for about 15 minutes, and during that brief span, I realized that I fell in love with her. We kept dancing throughout our marriage. My earliest memories of dancing with my daughters started when I came home from work to our small home in Marblehead, Massachusetts, and my daughter Laura was about 3 years old. It was very relaxing for me. to turn on the record player, pick up Laura in my arms, and dance her around the room! Our family danced a lot. My daughters, Laura and Anne, and I continued to dance on every occasion. One favorite memory I have of dancing with Laura and Anne was when I took each of them when they were seniors in high school to the Daddy-Daughter dance. We won both dance competitions! As their father, I have tried to provide my daughters with unconditional love, as my Mother provided to me, endless emotional and loving support, and good educations and life experiences which have helped prepare them for happy and successful adult lives. Being a father who is worthy of their love and respect, I consider fatherhood a privilege, not an entitlement. In 1994, my oldest daughter Laura gave me a lovely book, which I still have, entitled "Fathers and Daughters." My Father's Day suggestion to every father is to dance with your daughters at every opportunity. It will not only bring you closer, it will give them memories of you “to hang onto" long after we are gone. 36.Of the characters mentioned in the passage, who did not like dancing? a. Mary b. Laura c. Anne d. No one 37.The writer ___. a. could not dance well b. had a devoted mother c. had not met his father since his parents divorced. d. did not like to dance with his step mother 38.Which sentence is not true? a. He used to go to a dancing club with his father and step mother. b. The writer had two daughters. c. The writer enjoyed dancing with his daughters. d. The writer never danced with his step mother 39.Which is not referred to what the writer provides his daughters with? a. the arts of dancing c. endless emotional and loving support 42
  9. b. unconditional love d. good educations and life experiences 40.The writer ___ fatherhood. a. underestimates b. appreciates c. dislikes d. disapproves of Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Jean was the warmest, kindest lady (41) ___ always volunteered her time, her effort and her love. (42) ___ a warm smile, a kind word or a listening ear, she was destined to make her mark in the hearts of her (43) ___ family and friends. They were her greatest (44) ___ throughout her eleven-year struggle with cancer, which gave her the (45) ___ to never give up. When it came to her leisure time, Jean enjoyed (46) ___ some shopping and having (47) ___ lunch with her two children. She also liked to shop at the supermarket, particularly to buy clothes for her sons and grandchildren. For Jean, having a happy family (48) ___ having heaven in her heart and angels in her life. She truly cherished everyone in her life! (49) ___ gave Jean the greatest joy was sharing herself with her family and friends, offering them the most precious thing she (50) ___ her time. It is a gift none of them will ever forget. 41.a. which b. that c. whom d. whose 42.a. On b. In c. For d. With 43.a. cherish b. cherishable c. cherished d. cherishingly 44.a. support b. admire c. desire d. arm 45.a. courage b. courageous c. courageously d. encourage 46.a. do b. to do c. doing d. done 47.a. a b. an c. the d. no article 48.a. mentioned b. meant c. showed d. expressed 49.a. What b. That c. This d. Which 50.a. belonged b. rented c. possessed d. borrowed UNIT 2 : CULTURAL DIVERSITY TEST 1 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. naked b. looked c. booked d. hooked 2. a. concerned b. raised c. developed d. maintained 3. a. appeared b. agreed c. coughed d. loved 4. a. sacrificed b. trusted c. recorded d. acted 5. a. laughed b. weighed c. helped d. missed Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. London is home to people of many ___ cultures. a. diverse b. diversity c. diversify d. diversification 7. John cannot make a ___ to get married to Mary or stay single until he can afford a house and a car. a. decide b. decision c. decisive d. decisively 8. My mother used to be a woman of great ___, but now she gets old and looks pale. a. beauty b. beautiful c. beautifully d. beautify 9. My father phoned me to say that he would come ___ home late. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 10.At last they divorced after ten years of ___ marriage. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 11.A curriculum that ignores ethnic tensions, racial antagonisms, cultural ___ and religious differences is pot relevant. a. diversity b. contacts c. barriers d. levels 12.Some researchers have just ___ a survey of young people's points of view on contractual marriage. a. sent b. directed c. managed d. conducted 13.It is not easy to ___ our beauty when we get older and older. a. develop b. maintain c. gain d. collect 43
  10. 14.Many young people have objected to ___ marriage, which is decided by the parents of the bride and groom. a. agreed b. shared c. contractual d. sacrificed 15.All parents are ___ to at least try to behave in ways that will give their own children an important protection a. decided b. supposed c. followed d. rejected 16.It is thought that traditional marriage ___ are important basis of limiting divorce rates. a. appearances b. records c. responses d. values 17.Affected by the Western cultures, Vietnamese young people's attitudes ___ love and marriage have dramatically changed. a. for b. with c. through d. towards 18.Sometimes she does not agree ___ her husband about child rearing but they soon find the solutions. a. for b. on c. with d. of 19.The young are ___ more concerned with physical attractiveness than elderly people. a. much b. as c. many d. as much as 20.It will take more or less a month to prepare for the wedding. a. approximately b. generally c. frankly d. simply 21.The number of the participants in the survey ___ 250 students for Oxford University. a. are b. was c. were d. have been 22.The grass was yellow because it ___ all summer. a. does not rain b. has not rained c. had not rained d. would not rain 23.Many people even wonder these days ___. a. what marriage is b. what is marriage c. what marriage was d. what was marriage 24.The lights ___ out because we ___ the electricity bill. a. have gone / did not pay b. will go / did not paid c. go / would not pay d. went / had not paid 25.___ Tom Cruise's last movie? Yes, I ___ it three days ago a. Have you ever seen / saw b. Did you ever see / have seen c. Had you ever seen / would see d. Will you ever see / saw 26.In the past, people ___ to the beach more often. a. have gone b. used to go c. were going d. had gone 27.Soon, people ___ most of the time at home. a. will work b. are working c. have worked d. work 28.I ___ a terrible accident while I ___ on the beach. a. see / am walking b. saw / was walking c. was seeing / walked d. have seen / were walking 29.After all, she ___ him since her childhood. a. knows b. knew c. was knowing d. had known 30.We ___ touch since we ___ school three years ago. a. lost / have left b. have lost / leave c. have lost / left d. were losing / had left Error identification. 31.While preparing for your wedding, keepings in mind that this is just the first step in your future lives of love together. (keep) 32.Marriage is a life-long journey together, which is not simply a boat you get on together and gettings off when it does not work out. (get) 33.It is important to note that such a happy marriage does not come about by accident, but it had takens years of dedicated work to bring this kind of relationship into existence. (takes) 34.There are dangerous times in a marriage, especially when the wife can come to feel suchs overburdened that she decides to end the relationship. (so) 44
  11. 35.Once you can overcome your difficulty, the problems may well become a source of strengthens to your marriage and to your faith. (strength) Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. When people plan to marry, they expect to find in their partner not only a lover but a friend also. They find a person with whom they can share their opinions, their emotions, thoughts and fears. In marriage we are looking for a partner who will be able to understand our values, our likes and dislikes. If a man and a woman are born and raised in the same country, most likely they are familiar with the same songs, movies, jokes, books and life in general. They basically have the same roots. In the case of a western man and foreign woman family everything is more complicated and requires much more patience and understanding from both spouses. On one hand each of the partners has an opportunity to learn a great deal about the other's country, culture, traditions and life styles which can be very interesting. On the other hand it can be very disappointing if there is the inability to understand your partner's excitements and frustrations. For example, you are watching the television and suddenly you see a famous actor or singer, or other type of an artist whose name you have grown up with. Maybe this artist was an idol for your parents and the music of this artist was often played in your house when you were a child. Unfortunately you realize that your wife is unable to understand your feelings because she has no idea who this artist is. Her eyes are absolutely empty because she has never even heard the song before. You feel rather disappointed! Remember that your wife has the same situation with you. You do not know her country's songs, her country's famous actors, her books. She has her own memories and in actuality, for her, everything is much more difficult than it is for you. At least, you live in your own country where everybody can understand you. She lives in completely strange surroundings, where she has nobody to share her feelings with, except you. Do some research and learn about your wife's country, culture and lifestyles. Talk with her, ask her questions, get to know what songs she likes, what movies and books are of interest to her. The Internet will give you a great opportunity to find anything! Tell her about your country's culture, let her listen to the music that you like, rent a movie for her that left you with great impression. Let her understand you better through the things that you like. Patience and time will help you to fight cultural differences. 36.A spouse should ___. a. let the partner to do everything alone b. be not only a lover but also a friend c. not share the feelings with the partner d. not interfere with what the partner's likes and dislikes 37.According to the passage, ___. a. Spouses who have the same nationality need more patience and understanding in their marriage than those who are from different cultures. b. Spouses who are from different cultures need more patience and understanding in their marriage than those who have the same roots. c. Spouses who have the same roots go not share anything together. d. Spouses who are from different cultures can never share anything together. 38.If there is the inability to understand a spouse's excitements and frustrations the marriage, he or she may feel ___. a. faithful b. hopeless c. disappointed d. happy 39.The passage is ___. a. critical b. convincing c. advisory d. apologetic 40.To overcome cultural differences in marriage needs ___. a. patience and time b. time and money c. movies and music d. books and the Internet Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Most Americans eat three meals (41) ___ the day: breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Breakfast begins between 7:00 and 8:00am, lunch between 11:00 am and noon, and dinner between 6:00 and 8:00 pm. On Sundays "brunch" is a (42) ___ of breakfast and lunch, typically beginning at 11:00 am. Students often enjoy a "study break" or evening snack around 45
  12. 10:00 or 11:00 pm. Breakfast and lunch tend to be light meals, with only one (43) ___. Dinner is the main meal. (44) ___ breakfast Americans will eat cereal with milk which are often mixed (45) ___ in a bowl, a glass of orange juice, and toasted bread or muffin with jam, butter, or margarine. Another common breakfast meal is scrambled eggs or (46) ___ omelet with potatoes and breakfast meat (bacon or sausage). People who are on (47) ___ eat just a cup of yogurt. Lunch and dinner are more (48) ___. When eating at a formal dinner, you may be overwhelmed by the number of utensils. How do you (49) ___ the difference between a salad fork, a butter fork, and a dessert fork? Most Americans do not know the answer (50) ___ But knowing which fork or spoon to use first is simple: use the outermost utensils first and the utensils closest to the plate last. 41.a. in b. for c. on d. during 42.a. addition b. connection c. combination d. attachment 43.a. course b. food c. menu d. goods 44.a. For b. In c. At d. With 45.a. each other b. together c. one another d. others 46.a. a b. an c. the d. no article 47.a. holiday b. engagement c. diet d. duty 48.a. vary b. variety c. varied d. variously 49.a. say b. talk c. speak d. tell 50.a. too b. either c. so d. neither TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. partnership b. romantic2 c. actually1 d. attitude1 2. a. believe b. marriage1 c. response2 d. maintain2 3. a. summary b. different1 c. physical1 d. decision2 4. a. attractiveness2 b. traditional2 c. generation3 d. American2 5. a. certain b. couple1 c. decide2 d. equal1 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. Although they are twins, they have almost the same appearance but they are seldom in ___. a. agree b. agreeable c. agreement d. agreeably 7. The more ___ and positive you look, the better you will feel. a. confide b. confident c. confidently d. confidence 8. My parents will have celebrated 30 years of ___ by next week. a. marry b. married c. marriageable d. marriage 9. Mr. Pike held his wife's hands and talked urgently to her in a low voice, but there didn't seem to be any response. a. feeling b. emotion c. reply d. effect 10.Family is the place where ___ children is not only tolerated but welcomed and encouraged. a. taking b. having c. giving d. showing 11.Socially, the married ___ is thought to be the basic unit of society. a. couple b. pair c. twins d. double 12.Professor Berg was very interested in the diversity of cultures all over the world. a. variety b. changes c. conservation d. number 13.You are not ___ to say anything unless you wish to do so. a. obliged b. willing c. equal d. attracted 14.A woman can never have a happy married life without ___ her husband. a. demanding b. agreeing c. trusting d.determining 15.___ large number of India men agreed that it was unwise to confide in their wives. a. A b. An c. The d. Ø 16.Not all men are concerned with ___ physical attractiveness of their girlfriends and wives. a. A b. An c. The d. Ø 17.My mother is the only one that I can absolutely confide ___. 46
  13. a. in b. for c. with d. up 18.After they have been ___ love for two years, they decide to get married. a. for b. with c. on d. in 19.In some cases, Mary is thought not to be ___ her sister. a. as much intelligent than b. so intelligent than c. intelligent more than d. as intelligent as 20.She is ___ I expect. a. more prettier than b. far prettier than c. much more prettier than d. a lot prettier as 21.There were about 100 attendees at the wedding, and ___ half of them were the bride's and groom's relatives. a. less b. not less than c. no less than d. nor less than 22.The bride looked ___ on her wedding than she does as usual. a. nicer and more attractive b. more nicer and more attractive c. more nicer and more attractive d. more attractive and nicer 23.___ people used to read more. a. Twenty years before b. Twenty years ago c. For twenty years d. Since twenty years 24.___ in Rome than he ___. a. No sooner he had arrived / was being kidnapped b. No sooner had he arrived / was kidnapped c. Had he no sooner arrived / kidnapped d. No sooner was he arriving / had been kidnapped 25.___ John usually watch TV at the weekend? a. Will b. Is c. Does d. Has 26.I ___ there once a long time ago and ___ back since. a. was / have not been b. had been / was not c. would be / had not been d. have been / will not be 27.As many as ten-million children ___ with the virus by the end of this decade. a. have been infected b. will be infecting c. had been infected d. will have been infected 28.What ___ when the fire alarm ___ off? a. are you doing / will go b. have you done / would go c. were you doing / went d. will you do / are going 29.___ you send this wedding card to Peter, please? a. Will b. Are c. Did d. Had 30.When Peter ___, I ___ him to your new house. a. will arrive / take b. arrives / will take c. has arrived / am taking d. had arrive / had taken Choose the best sentence that can be made from the words given. 31.The conical leaf hat / call / "Non La” / Vietnamese / make of a typical kind of soft palm a. The conical leaf hat, which is called “Non La” in Vietnamese, is made of a typical kind of soft palm leaves. b. The conical leaf hat it is called “Non La” in Vietnamese is made of a typical kind of soft palm leaves. c. The conical leaf hat, it is called “Non La” in Vietnamese, making of a typical kind of soft palm leaves. d. The conical leaf hat, calling "Non La" in Vietnamese, is made of a typical kind of soft palm leaves. 32.Those leaves / expose to the dew for one night / dry / they / still soft / be flatted. a. Those leaves are exposed to the dew for one night so when they are dried, they are still soft enough for being flatted. b. Those leaves are exposed to the dew for one night so when drying, they are still too to be flatted. c. Those leaves are exposed to the dew for one night so when dried, they are still soft enough to be flatted. 47
  14. d. Those leaves which are exposed to the dew for one night so when dried, they are still soft enough to be flatted. 33.The hat / usually consist of / 16 to 18 rims / make from special kind of bamboo / the rims / shape thinly into conical-form. a. The hat usually consists of 16 to 18 rims made from special kind of bamboo when the rims are shaped thinly into conical-form. b. The hat usually consists of 16 to 18 rims made from special kind of bamboo. The rims are shaped thinly into conical-form. . c. The hat usually consists of 16 to 18 rims that make from special kind of bamboo; the rims are shaped thinly into conical-form. d. The hat usually consists of 16 to 18 rims making from special kind of bamboo. These rims that are shaped thinly into conical-form. 34.The leaves / sew / into all rims / solely by hand / the hat is trimmed and painted / a coat of attar / to keep it clean, smooth, and water-proof. a. The leaves sewn into all rims solely by hand; and the hat which is trimmed and painted with a coat of attar old to keep it clean, smooth, and water-proof. b. The leaves are sewn into all rims solely by hand; and the hat is trimmed and painted with a coat of attar to keep it clean, smooth, and water-proof. c. As the leaves are sewn into all rims solely by hand, it means that the hat is trimmed and painted with a coat of attar old to keep it clean, smooth, and water-proof. d. The leaves are sewn into all rims solely by hand; so, the hat is trimmed and painted with a coat of attar old they keep it clean, smooth, and water-proof. 35.Vietnamese girls / wear the conical leaf hat / a little umbrella / protect themselves from sun or rain. a. Vietnamese girls who wear this leaf hat like a little umbrella so that it protects themselves from sun or rain. b. Vietnamese girls wear this leaf hat such as a little umbrella for protecting themselves from sun or rain. c. Vietnamese girls wear this leaf hat like a little umbrella to protect themselves from sun or rain. d. Vietnamese girls wearing this leaf hat as a little umbrella to protect themselves from sun or rain. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. In the past, both men and women were expected to be married at quite young ages. Marriages were generally arranged by parents and family, with their children having little chance to say no in the matter. In the past it was not surprising to find that a bride and groom had only just met on the day of their engagement or marriage. In modern Vietnam, this has changed completely as people choose their own marriage- partners based on love, and in consideration primarily to their own needs and wants. Moreover early marriage is quite illegal. The traditional Vietnamese wedding is one of the most important of traditional Vietnamese occasions. Regardless of westernization, many of the age-old customs practiced in a traditional Vietnamese wedding continue to be celebrated by both Vietnamese in Vietnam and overseas, often combining both western and eastern elements. Besides the wedding ceremony, there is also an engagement ceremony which takes place usually half a year or so before the wedding. Due to the spiritual nature of the occasion, the date and time of the marriage ceremony are decided in advance by a fortune teller. The traditional Vietnamese wedding consists of an extensive array of ceremonies: the first is the ceremony to ask permission to receive the bride, the second is the procession to receive the bride (along with the ancestor ceremony at her house), the third is to bring the bride to the groom's house for another ancestor ceremony and to welcome her into the family, then the last is a wedding banquet. The number of guests in attendance at these banquets is huge, usually in the hundreds. Several special dishes are served. Guests are expected to bring gifts, often money, which the groom and bride at one point in the banquet will go from table to table collecting. 36.In the past, ___. a. Vietnamese couples were free to make a decision on the marriage 48
  15. b. Vietnamese marriage was decided by parents and family c. getting married at an early age was not allowed d. parents had no right to interfere their children's marriage 37.In former days, the fact that a bride and groom had only first met just on the day of their engagement or marriage was ___. a. surprising b. popular c. uncommon d. strange 38.Which sentence is referred Vietnamese modern marriage? a. Most young people do not have their marriage based on love. b. All marriages are arranged by parents and family. c. Marriage is quite westernization. d. Couples do not get married at quite young ages. 39.According to the passage, ___. a. Oversea Vietnamese people do not like to organize a traditional wedding b. There is an engagement ceremony which takes place usually half a year or so before the wedding c. Many of the age-old customs practiced in a traditional Vietnamese wedding do not exist nowadays d. Vietnamese people never ask a fortune teller the date and time of the marriage ceremony 40.Which does not exist in a Vietnamese wedding party? a. firecrackers b. guests c. dishes d. gifts Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. In Korea, in former days the marriage between a man and woman represented the joining of two families, rather (41) ___ the joining of two individuals. The event (42) ___ Taerye (Great Ritual), and people from all over the village or neighborhood participated. The ceremonies and events surrounding the actual marriage were long and (43) ___. Professional matchmakers paired up likely candidates for marriage, with the new couple often meeting for the first time at their wedding! The families considered many factors in the decision, consulting with fortune tellers for (44) ___ about the couple's future life together. During the Chosun period, people married (45) ___ their early teens, with the girl often being several years older than the boy. The groom usually traveled to the house of the bride for the ceremony, then stayed there for three days (46) ___ taking his new bride to his family's home. The actual ceremony involved many small rituals, with many bows and symbolic gestures. The (47) ___ were expected to control their emotions and remain somber. (48) ___ Koreans have kept several aspects of the traditional ceremony, most modern ceremonies resemble Western marriage ceremonies more than (49) ___ Korean ones. However, many folk villages and museums across the country regularly perform ceremonies to (50) ___ the traditions alive. 41.a. as b. more c. than d. more than 42.a. is often called b. often called c. was often called d. has often called 43.a. elaborate b. elaborately c. elaboration d. elaborateness 44.a. predictions b. attentions c. situations d. evaluations 45.a. for b. in c. on d. from 46.a. soon b. ago c. before d. then 47.a. examiners b. competitors c. contests d. participants 48.a. As b. Although c. As though d. If only 49.a. traditional b. old c. ancient d. antique 50.a. catch b. hold c. grip d. keep TEST 3 Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest. 1. a. advised b. devised c. raised d. practised 2. a. shared b. viewed c. confided d. measured 3. a. determined b. expressed c. approved d. married 4. a. smoked b. called c. photographed d. based 5. a. demanded b. lived c. questioned d. supposed 49
  16. Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. Many Vietnamese people ___ their lives for the revolutionary cause of the nation a. sacrifice b. sacrificed c. sacrificial d. sacrificially 7. Most of us would maintain that physical ___ does not playa major part in how we react to the people we meet. a. attract b. attractive c. attractiveness d. attractively 8. They had a ___ candlelit dinner last night and she accepted his proposal of marriage. a. romance b. romantic c. romantically d. romanticize 9. Reading the story of the ___ having her dress torn off in the lift reminded me of my friend's wedding. a. groom b. bride c. celibate d. groomsman 10.I do not think there is a real ___ between men and women at home as well as in society. a. attitude b. value c. measurement d. equality 11.The ___ to success is to be ready from the start. a. key b. response c. agreement d. demand 12.A recent survey has shown that supporters of equal partnership in marriage are still in the ___. a. crowd b. particular c. majority d. obligation 13.She accepted that she had acted ___ and mistakenly, which broke up her marriage. a. romantically b. unwisely c. wisely d. attractively 14.They decided to divorce and Mary is ___ to get the right to raise the child. a. equal b. determined c. obliged d. active 15.___ love is ___ very strong feeling of affection towards someone who you are romantically or sexually attracted to. a. The / the b. The / Ø c. A / the d. Ø / a 16.I fell in ___ love with him because of his kind nature. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 17.His ideas about marriage are quite different ___ mine. a. with b. from c. for d. on 18.I believe that he was concerned ___ all those matters which his wife mentioned. a. with b. over c. upon d. above 19.Everyone has been more ___ less the same from the point of view of satisfaction. a. or b. and c. nor d. but 20.Women always feel moved when they find somebody who understands, them ___ they know themselves. a. better as b. more better than c. better than d. as better than 21.He ___ email before, so I ___ him how to use it. a. did not use / had shown b. had not used / showed c. has not used / showed d. was not using / will show 22.Doctor Pike ___ the hospital after he ___ an uneventful evening on duty. He ___ of his day of rest. a. was leaving / has had / thought b. left / had had / was thinking c. will leave / had / will think d. is leaving / will have / thinks 23.She ___ me anything about that problem so far. a. is not telling b. does not tell c. will not tell d. has not told 24.I think that everything ___ ready for the project procedure by the end of next month. a. will have been b. has been c. had been d. is 25.Be quiet! Someone ___ at the front door. I ___ it. a. is knocking / will answer b. knocks / am answering c. has knocked / am going to answer d. will knock / have answered 26.Dan and Crystal ___ married in June. a. are getting b. has got c. was getting d. will have got 27.Two lions ___ from Chessington Zoo, and the police ___ to catch them. a. will escape / try b. escaped / had tried c. have escaped / are trying d. escape / were trying 28.Oranges ___ rich in vitamin C, which ___ good for our health. 50
  17. a. have been / is b. are / is c. are / will be d. were / has been 29.Let's go to Fuji for our summer holiday! - OK. It ___ good. a. sounds b. is sounding c. has sounded d. was sounding 30.They ___ enthusiastically when their teacher ___ in. a. discuss / comes b. will have discussed / comes c. will discuss / will come d. were discussing / came Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one. 31.This is the first time I attend such an enjoyable wedding party. a. The first wedding party I attended was enjoyable. b. I had the first enjoyable wedding party. c. My attendance at the first wedding party was enjoyable. d. I have never attended such an enjoyable wedding party before. 32.It is not until a Vietnamese girl getting 18 years old that she is allowed to get married legally. a. A Vietnamese girl is not allowed to get married legally only when she gets 18 years old. b. A Vietnamese girl is allowed to get married legally only after she gets 18 years old. c. They never allow a Vietnamese girl to get married legally when she is 18 years old. d. The legal allowance for a Vietnamese girl to get married will be issued in 18 years. 33.I have not met her for three years. a. The last time I met her was three years ago. b. It is three years when I will meet her. c. I did not meet her three years ago. d. During three years, I met her once. 34.This pasta is a new experience for me. a. I used to eat a lot of pasta. b. I am used to eating pasta. c. It is the first time I have eaten pasta. d. I have ever eaten pasta many times before. 35.I have not seen Tom for ages. a. It has been a long time .since I last saw Tom. b. Tom and I do not look the same age. c. Tom and I are friends for a long time. d. I often met Tom ages ago. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Traditions, saying, beliefs, language, and values are just a few things that make up our culture. Culture is the framework in which families are structured. It shapes our expectations and ideals. Culture plays a part in the meaning of marriage and our roles as husbands, wives, children and parents. Understanding cultural differences and similarities related to marriage is important. Culture affects the roles that spouses take within marriages, the age at marriage and number of children a couple have, the meaning of divorce, cohabitation and non-marital childbearing, and the way parents raise children. Understanding how relationships and marriages vary across cultural contexts, and how they are similar, we will be able to identify the unique ways that marriages and family life affect people of various cultures. As a result, we will be able to help families and sustain happy marriages. A cross cultural marriage or similar love relationship can be extremely exciting. The cultural background, visits to the other country, the language of the country and learning to speak it, the different habits and ways of doing and saying things that people from other cultures have, are. all very exciting indeed. What of the disadvantages of a cross cultural marriage or love relationship with someone from another country or cultural background? No matter how much you love your husband or wife, no matter how high your level of cross cultural awareness, cross cultural communication and respect for differences. Misunderstanding seems to be unavoidable. 36.The passage is about ___. a. the effects of cultures on love and marriage b. the definition of culture c. the role of spouses in the family d. cultural differences 37.The word It refers to ___. a. culture b. family c. framework d. structure 51
  18. 38.According to the writer, cross-cultural marriage ___. a. does not have advantages b. does not have disadvantages c. have both advantages and disadvantages d. does not exist through time 39.According to the passage, which of the following is not affected by culture? a. The age to get married b. Child-raising c. How much spouses love each other d. The roles of spouses 40.In cross-cultural marriage, ___ may happen. a. divorce b. quarrel c. misunderstanding d. separation Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Romance is the opportunity to show your loved one (41) ___ special he/she is to you. It means (42) ___ the time for them, and sharing time together, even (43) ___ you are very busy. It does not mean thinking only about yourself, or having only your needs (44) ___. It means putting your spouse first. Here are some ideas to spice up your romance: 1. Do small acts of kindness, such as give him/her flowers, or a little gift, or (45) ___ a poem, etc. 2.(46) ___ "Thank you" and "I Love You" often. 3.Be considerate (47) ___ his/her feelings and sorrows. 4.Take long walks together - anywhere. 5.Share jokes at mealtime. (48) ___ is a great way to share one's love. 6.Visit a museum, visit community festivals, tour a new site, or attend a party together. 7.Hug and kiss often. If your spouse does not do things for you, then show him/her by gentlyB (49) ___ out what you like. If you like flowers for your birthday and you have not gotten flowers, then let him/her know, (50) ___, when he/she asks you what you would like. Do not think they can read your mind. 41.a. how b. what c. which d. that 42.a. take b. took c. taken d. taking 43.a. as b. if c. when d. but 44.a. looked b. noticed c. met d. seen 45.a. write b. discover c. invent d. search 46.a. talk b. tell c. say d. ask 47.a. on b. with c. up d. of 48.a. Laugh b. Laughter c. Laughable d. Laughably 49.a. pointing b. making c. carrying d. giving 50.a. fortunately b. wholly c. generally d. particularly UNIT 3 :WAYS OF SOCIALISING TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. attract2 b. person1 c. signal1 d. instance 2. a. verbal1 b. suppose2 c. even d. either1 3. a. example2 b. consider2 c. several1 d. attention2 4. a. situation3 b. appropriate2 c. informality3 d. entertainment3 5. a. across2 b. simply1 c. common1 d. brother Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. She is a kind of woman who does not care much of work but generally ___ only with colleagues for meals, movies or late nights at a club. a. supposes b. socializes c. attention d. discussed 7. I didn't think his comments were very appropriate at the time. a. correct b. right c. exact d. suitable 8. You should ___ more attention to what your teacher explains. a. make b. get c. set d. pay 52
  19. 9. Body language is a potent form of ___ communication. a. verbal b. non-verbal c. tongue d. oral 10.Our teacher often said, "Who knows the answer? ___ your hand." a. Rise b. Lift c. Raise d. Heighten 11.This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate. a. situation. B. attention c. place d. matter 12.They started, as ___ gatherings but they have become increasingly formalized in the last few years. a. informal b. informally c. informalize d. informality 13.Children who are isolated and lonely seem to have poor language and ___. a. communicate b. communication c. communicative d. communicator 14.The lecturer explained the problem very clearly and is always ___ in response to questions. a. attention b. attentive c. attentively d. attentiveness 15.Pay more attention ___ picture and you can find out who is the robber. a. to b. for c. at d. on 16.She looked ___ me, smiling happily and confidently. a. on b. over c. forward d. at 17.- What an attractive hair style you have got, Mary! - ___ a. Thank you very much. I am afraid b. You are telling a lie c. Thank you for your compliment d. I don't like your sayings 18.In ___ most social situations, ___ informality is appreciated. a. Ø / Ø b. the / an c. a / the d. the / a 19.- What beautiful dress you are wearing! - Thank you. That is ___ nice compliment. a. a / a b. the / Ø c. Ø / Ø d. the / the 20.___ you wanted to ask your teacher a question during his lecture, what would you do? a. As b. As if c. Even of d. suppose 21.John asked me ___ in English. a. what does this word mean b. what that word means c. what did this word mean d. what that word meant 22.The mother told her son ___ so impolitely. a. not behave b. not to behave c. not behaving d. did not behave 23.She said she ___ collect it for me after work. a. would b. did c. must d. had 24.She said I ___ an angel. a. am b. was c. were d. have been 25.I have ever told you he ___ unreliable. a. is b. were c. had been d. would be 26.I told him ___ the word to Jane somehow that I ___ to reach her during the early hours. a. passing / will try b. he will pass / tried c. to pass / would be trying d. he passed / have tried 27.Laura said she had worked on the assignment since ___. a. yesterday b. two days ago c. the day before d. the next day 28.John asked me ___ interested in any kind of sports. a. if I were b. if were I c. if was I d. if I was 29.I ___ you everything I am doing, 'and you have to do the same. a. will tell b. would tell c. told d. was telling 30.John asked me ___ that film the night before. a. that I saw b. had I seen c. if I had seen d. if had I seen Error Identification. 31.According to Mehrabian in1971, only 7% of the information we A B communicate to others depends upon the words saying; 93% of that C D (we say) 53
  20. depends on nonverbal communication. 32.Body language is quiet and secret, but most s powerful language of all.(the most) 33.Our bodies send out messages constantly and sometimes we do not recognize that we are using manys nonverbal language. (a lot of) 34.Our understanding and use of non-verbal cues in facial expressions and gestures are familiar to us nearly ins birth. (from) 35.A person's body postures, movements but s positions more often tell us exactly what they mean. (and) Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Communication in general is process of sending and receiving messages that enables humans to share knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Although we usually identify communication with speech, communication is composed of two dimensions - verbal and nonverbal. Nonverbal communication has been defined as communication without words. It includes apparent behaviors such as facial expressions, eyes, touching, tone of voice, as well as less obvious messages such as dress, posture and spatial distance between two or more people. Activity or inactivity, words or silence all have message value: they influence others and these others, in turn, respond to these communications and thus they are communicating. Commonly, nonverbal communication is learned shortly after birth and practiced and refined throughout a person's lifetime. Children first learn nonverbal expressions by watching and imitating, much as they learn verbal skills. Young children know far more than they can verbalize and are generally more adept at reading nonverbal cues than adults are because of their limited verbal skills and their recent reliance on the nonverbal to communicate. As children develop verbal skills, nonverbal channels of communication do' not cease to exist although become entwined in the total communication process. 36.According to the writer, ___. a. Nonverbal language is only used by the deaf and the mute. b. One cannot communicate in both verbal and .nonverbal language. c. Those who can listen and talk should not use nonverbal language. d. People communicate with both verbal and nonverbal language. 37.Which is not included in nonverbal communication? a. words b. spatial distance c. facial expressions d. tone of voice 38.We can learn from the text that ___. a. nonverbal can never get any responses b. most people do not like nonverbal communication c. even silence has message value d. touching is not accepted in communicating 39.Human beings ___. a. have learnt how to communicate in nonverbal language through books b. can communicate in nonverbal language only when they are mature c. have learnt how to communicate in nonverbal language since a child d. communicate in nonverbal language much less than they do in verbal language 40.The word reading has a close meaning to ___. a. looking at the words that are written b. understanding c. saying something aloud d. expressing Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Researchers in communication show that more feelings and intentions are (41) ___ and received nonverbally than verbally. Mehrabian and Wienerfollowing have stated that only 7% (42) ___ message is sent through words, with remaining 93% sent nonverbal (43) ___. Humans use nonverbal communication because: 54
  21. 1.Words have limitations: There are (44) ___ areas where nonverbal communication is more (45) ___ than verbal, especially when we explain the shape, directions, personalities which are expressed nonverbally. 2.Nonverbal signal are powerful: Nonverbal cues primarily express inner (46) ___ while verbal messages deal basically with outside world. 3.Nonverbal message are likely (47) ___ more genuine: because nonverbal behaviors cannot be controlled as easily as spoken words. 4.Nonverbal signals can express feelings inappropriate to state: Social etiquette limits (48) ___ can be said, but nonverbal cues can communicate thoughts. 5.A separate communication channel is necessary to (49) ___ send complex messages: A speaker can add enormously to the complexity of the verbal message through simple nonverbal (50) ___ 41.a. sent b. posted c. mailed d. thrown 42.a. through b. in c. of d. for 43.a. thought b. expressions c. gestures d. postures 44.a. sum b. great deal c. amount d. numerous 45.a. effect b. effective c. effectively d. effectiveness 46.a. feelings b. words c. shows d. sorrows 47.a. be b. being c. to be d. been 48.a. what b. that c. why d. when 49.a. get b. have c. make d. help 50.a. signs b. signals c. sight d. signatures TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. social1 b. meter c. notice1 d. begin2 2. a. whistle1 b. table1 c. someone1 d. receive2 3. a. discuss2 b. waving c. airport1 d. often1 4. a. sentence1 b. pointing1 c. verbal1 d. attract2 5. a. problem1 b. minute1 c. suppose2 d. dinner Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. The boy waved his hands to his mother, who was standing at the school gate, to ___ her attention. a. attract b. pull c. follow d. tempt 7. If something ___ your attention or your eye, you notice it or become interested in it. a. pays b. allow c. catches d. wave 8. When you are in a restaurant, you can raise your hand slightly to show that you need assistance. a. bill b. menu c. help d. food 9. After a ___ hesitation, she began to speak with such a convincing voice. a. rude b. slight c. small d. impolite 10.He is one of the most ___ bosses I have ever worked with. He behaves rudely to not only me but also others in the staff. a. thoughtful b. impolite c. attentive d. communicative 11.In many cultures, people signify their agreement by ___ their head. a. turning b. raising c. pointing d. nodding 12.There was a ___ tremble in her voice, which showed that she was very nervous at that time. a. slight b. slighted c. slightly d. slightness 13.If a boss wants to have a well-qualified staff, he should have to pay his employees ___. a. appropriate b. appropriately c. appropriation d. appropriating 14.Mrs. Pike was so angry that she made a ___ gesture at the driver. a. rude b. rudeness c. rudely d. rudest 15.___ nonverbal language is ___ important aspect of interpersonal communication. a. The / Ø b. A / the c. The / a d. Ø / an 16.Balzer, ___ linguistic researcher, reported that approximately 75% of classroom management behavior was nonverbal. 55
  22. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 17.I have never seen such a beautiful dress ___ you before. a. of b. on c. for d. in 18.Small children are often told that it is rude to point ___ other people. a. on b. to c. at d. for 19.- You look great in this new dress. - ___. a. With pleasure b. Not at all c. I am glad you like it d. Do not say anything about it 20.Suppose you want to go out during a lecture, what should you do? a. As b. If c. Though d. When 21.Peter said that he had lived in London four years ___. a. ago b. before c. later d. then 22.The guest told the host that ___. a. I must go now b. he must go now c. he had to go now d. he had to go then 23.The teacher told Joe ___. a. to stop talking b. stop talking c. stops talking d. stopped talking 24.She said she ___. a. was very tired last night b. was very tired the night before c. had been very tired last night d. had been very tired the night before 25.Emily said that her teacher ___ to London ___. a. will go / tomorrow b. went / tomorrow c. would go / the next day d. had gone / the next day 26.She told the boys ___ on the grass. a. do not play b. did not play c. not playing d. not to play 27.She asked ___. a. where was her umbrella b. where her umbrella was c. where were her umbrella d. where her umbrella were 28.Jason asked me ___ me the book the day before. a. if who gave b. if who has given c. who had given d. that who had given 29.Robert said that his father ___ to Dallas the year before. a. goes b. went c. has gone d. had gone 30.He wanted to know ___ shopping during the previous morning. a. if we had been going b. that if we had been going c. we were going d. that we were going Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one 31."How beautiful is the dress you have just bought!" Peter said to Mary. a. Peter promised to buy Mary a beautiful dress. b. Peter said thanks to Mary for her beautiful dress. c. Peter complimented Mary on her beautiful dress. d. Peter asked Mary how she had just bought her beautiful dress. 32.She raised her hand high so that she could attract her teacher's attention. a. Because her teacher attracted her, she raised her hand high. b. To attract her teacher's attention, she raised her hand high. c. Though she raised her hand high, she could not attract her teacher's attention. d. She had such a high raising of hand that she failed to attract her teacher's attention. 33."Hello, Mary!" Peter said. ' a. Peter said hello Mary. b. Peter said Mary hello. c. Peter told Mary hello d. Peter greeted Mary. 34.Julie and Anne had not met each other before the party. a. Julie and Anne got acquainted when they were at the party. b. The party prevented Julie and Anne from meeting each other. c. The party was the place where Julie and Anne could not meet each other. d. Julie and Anne used to meet each other for the party. 35."Why don't you ask the teacher for help?" Peter asked me. 56
  23. a. Peter advised me to ask the teacher for help. b. Peter recommended me not to ask the teacher for help. , c. Peter told me the reason why I did not ask the teacher for help. d. Peter suggested that he should ask the teacher for help. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Movements and gestures by the hands, arms, legs, and other parts' of the body and face are the most pervasive types of nonverbal messages and the most difficult to control. 'It is estimated that there are over 200.000 physical signs capable of stimulating meaning in another person. For example, there are 23 distinct eyebrow movements, each capable of stimulating a different meaning. Humans express attitudes toward themselves and vividly through body movements and postures. Body movements express true messages about feelings that cannot be masked. Because such avenues of communication are visual, they travel much farther than spoken words and are unaffected by the presence of noise that interrupt, or cancels out speech. People communicate by the way they walk, stand, and sit. We tend to be more relaxed with friends or when addressing those of lower status. Body orientation also indicates status or liking of the other individual. More direct orientation is related to a more positive attitude. Body movements and postures alone have no exact meaning, but they can greatly support or reject the spoken word. If these two means of communication are dichotomized and contradict each other, some result will be a disordered image and most often the nonverbal will dominate. 36.Which part of body is not used to send body message? a. faces b. legs c. hands d. stomachs 37.Face gestures ___. a. can help us control our feelings b. are the most difficult to control c. cannot express our feelings d. do not include eye brow moments 38.Body communication is ___. a. visual b. verbal c. very few d. uncommon 39.According to the text, body movements cannot express ___. a. feelings b. status c. attitudes d. desires 40.Nonverbal communication ___. a. may be interrupted by noise b. has no relation to verbal communication c. dominates words d. is less common than verbal communication Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. In the western customs (41) ___ hands is the customary form of greeting, but in China a nod of the head or (42) ___ bow is sufficient. Hugging and kissing when greeting are uncommon. Business cards are often (43) ___ and yours should be printed in your own language and in Chinese. Also, it is more respectful to present your card or a gift or -any other article using (44) ___ hands. The Chinese are (45) ___ applauders. You may be greeted with group clapping, even by small children. When a person is applauded in this practice it is the custom for that person to return the applause or a "thank you." When walking in public places, direct eye (46) ___ .and staring is uncommon in the larger cities, especially in those areas accustomed to foreign visitors. (47) ___, in smaller communities, visitors may be the subject of much curiosity and therefore you may notice some stares. (48) ___ speaking, the Chinese are not a touch-oriented society, especially true for visitors. So, avoid (49) ___ or any prolonged form of body contact. Public displays of affection are very rare. On the other hand, you may note people of the same sex walking hand-in-hand, which is simply a gesture of friendship. Do not worry about a bit of pushing and shoving in stores or when groups board public buses or trains. In this case, (50) ___ are either offered or expected. The Chinese will stand much closer than Westerners. 41.a. taking b. shaking c. grasping d. hugging 42.a. small b. bit c. slight d. light 43.a. exchanged b. changed c. transferred d. converted 44.a. pair b. couple c. double d. both 45.a. enthusiast b. enthusiastic c. enthusiasm d. enthusiastically 57
  24. 46.a. contact b. look c. stare d. watch 47.a. Moreover b. Furthermore c. However d. Whatever 48.a. Generally b. Successfully c. Fortunately d. Expectedly 49.a. touch b. to touch c. touched d. touching 50.a. Contacts b. Apologies c. Gestures d. Saying goodbye TEST 3 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. noisy2 b. party1 c. social1 d. polite2 2. a. restaurant2 b. assistance2 c. usually2 d. compliment2 3. a. impolite3 b. exciting2 c. attention2 d. attracting2 4. a. obvious1 b. probably1 c. finally1 d. approaching2 5. a. waiter1 b. teacher1 c. slightly1 d. toward2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. When you see your teacher approaching you, a slight wave to attract his attention is appropriate. a. coming nearer to b. catching sight of c. pointing at d. looking up to 7. When you catch someone's ___ you do something to attract his attention so that you can talk to him. a. head b. hand c. eye d. ear 8. When the play finished the audience stood up and ___ their hands loudly. a. clapped b. nodded c. shook d. hold 9. It is ___ not to say "Thank you" when you are given something. a. small b. rude c. slight d. formal 10.A whistle is the ___ for the football players to begin the match. a. communication b. instance c. attention d. signal 11.It is often considered to be impolite to ___ at someone. a. look b. smile c. point d. raise 12.He is not really friendly and makes no attempt to be ___. a. society b. social c. socialize d. sociable 13.She sent me a ___ letter thanking me for my invitation. a. polite b. politely c. politeness d. impoliteness 14.Mr. Timpson's behavior and comments on occasions were inappropriate and fell below the ___ standards. a. accept b. acceptable c. acceptance d. accepting 15.In general, the meaning of ___ touching depends of the situation, culture, sex, and age. a. a b. am c. the d. Ø 16.___ same words or phrases can have many ___ different meanings, depending on how they are said. a. Ø / Ø b. A / the c. Ø / the d. the / a 17.I recognized my grandmother as soon as she got ___ the plane although we had not seen each other for more than 10 years. a. over b. of c. away d. off 18.I waved ___ him from the window but he didn't see me. a. through b. for c. up d. to 19.- How well you are playing! - ___. a. Say it again. I like to hear your words b. I think so. I am proud of myself c. Thank you too much d. Many thanks. That is a nice compliment 20.He asked me ___ Robert and I said I did not know ___. a. that did I know / who were Robert b. that I knew / who Robert were c. if I knew / who Robert was d. whether I knew / who was Robert 58
  25. 21.The mother asked her son ___. a. where he has been b. where he had been c. where has he been d. where had he been 22.Martin asked me ___. a. how is my father b. how my father is c. how was my father d. how my father was 23.The host asked Peter ___ tea or coffee. a. whether he preferred b. that he preferred c. did he prefer d. if he prefers 24.She asked me ___ my holidays ___. a. where I spent / the previous year b. where I had spent / the previous year c. where I spent / last year d. where did I spend / last year 25.He advised ___ too far. a. her did not go b. her do not go c. her not to go d. she did not go 26.John often says he ___ boxing because it ___ a cruel sport. a. does not like / is b. did not like / were c. not liked / had been d. had not liked / was 27.Nancy asked me why I had not gone to New York the summer ___. a. before b. ago c. last d. previous 28.He asked ___ him some money. a. her to lend b. she to lend c. she has lent d. she lends 29.Andrew told me that they ___ fish two ___ days. a. have not eaten / ago b. had not eaten / previous c. did not eat / before d. would not eat / last 30.Jason told me that he ___ his best in the exam the ___ day. a. had done / following b. will do / previous c. would do / following d. was going / previous Choose the best sentence that can be arranged from the words given. 31.In / nose / Japan / in / blowing / your / public / considered / rude / is. a. Blowing your nose is considered in rude public in Japan. b. In Japan, public is considered rude in blowing your nose. c. Blowing your nose in Japan in public is considered rude d. In Japan, blowing your nose in public is considered rude. 32.bow / your / a / hand / or / never / both / in / with / pockets / hands: a. Bow never with a hand or both hands in your pockets. b. Never bow with a hand or both hands in your pockets. c. Never bow in your pockets with a hand or both hands. d. Never bow with a hand in your pockets or both hands. 33.restaurants / with / remove / in / mats / you / bamboo / traditional / your / should / shoes. a. In traditional restaurants you should remove your shoes with bamboo mats. b. In traditional restaurants with bamboo mats, you should remove your shoes. c. You should remove your shoes with bamboo mats in traditional restaurants: d. You should remove your bamboo mats with shoes in traditional restaurants. 34.it / is / to / come / in / Japan I know / you / important / rank / people / of / in / the contact / whom / with. a. In Japan, it is important to know the rank of people with whom you come in contact. b. To know the rank of people with whom you come in contact it is important in Japan. c. In Japan, it is important with whom you come in contact to know the rank of people. . d. You come in contact with people of whom the rank to know it is important in Japan. 35.the / rank / of / the / bow / person / the / facing / you / lower / the / you / higher. a. The higher the rank of the person facing you, the lower you bow. b. The rank of the person facing you the higher, you bow the lower. c. The higher facing you the rank of the person, you lower the bow. d. The higher you facing the rank of the person, the lower you bow. 59
  26. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. Spoken language is based on a face-to-face encounter. One person directly addresses another or others. Within the face-to-face encounter of speech, communication is' not limited to Words. Speakers use a wide variety of extra-verbal devices, from emphasis and dramatic pauses to changes in tone or tempo. Speakers also use a broad range of nonverbal clues. They "talk" with their eyes and their bodies. They use hand gestures and facial expressions to convey ideas. And speakers respond to similar cues from their listeners - the nods and grunts that say, in effect, "I hear you," or the quizzical looks that say, "I don't understand." As we learn a language, we also learn the non-verbal conventions of that language- the meaning of a shrug, a pout, or a smile. Speech thus often includes not only a face-to-face meeting, but also a meeting of the minds. "Conversation," Steven Pinker notes, "requires cooperation." Listeners assume that speakers are conveying information relevant to what they already know and what they want to know. They have to not only listen to words but also observe verbal devices and body gestures in order to understand the meanings of vague and ambiguous words and to fill in the unsaid logical steps. Speaker and listener are aware of each other's knowledge, interests, and biases. They can interpret remarks within the common social setting in which they find themselves. This mutual understanding is frequently absent with written communication. While in written communication, information an author would like to assume the reader knows must be included with a text. Writers must make their biases explicit to assure full understanding by the critical reader, and readers, unable to read body language, must read the text carefully to find out attitudes or biases underlying it. 36.We can use nonverbal clues in both spoken and written communication. a. True b. False c. No information 37.Emphasis, dramatic pauses and changes in tone or tempo are verbal devices. a. True b. False c. No information 38.We can even use gestures to express a marital proposal. a. True b. False c. No information 39.In a conversation, only listening to the speaker's voice is enough for the listener to understand thoroughly even the meanings of vague and ambiguous words a. True b. False c. No information 40.Body language can also be read in a written text. a. True b. False c. No information Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. In summary, for most visitors, the Japanese are (41) ___ and difficult to understand. The graceful act of (42) ___, is the traditional greeting. However, they have also adopted the western custom of shaking hands, but with a light grip. Meanwhile, to (43) ___ respect for their customs, it would flatter them to offer a slight bow when being introduced. (44) ___ hugging and kissing when greeting. It is considered rude to stare. Prolonged direct eye contact is considered to be (45) ___ or even intimidating. It is rude to stand with your hand or hands in your pockets, especially when greeting someone (46) ___ when addressing a group of people. The seemingly simple act of exchanging business cards is more complex in Japan (47) ___ the business card represents not only one's identity but also his (48) ___ in life. Yours should be printed in your own language and in Japanese. The Japanese are not a touch- oriented society; so avoid open displays of affection, touching or any prolonged (49) ___ of body contact. Queues are generally respected; especially in crowded train and subway stations (50) ___ the huge volume of people causes touching and pushing. 41.a. complex b. easy c. simply d. cheap 42.a. shaking b. hugging c. bowing d. looking 43.a. pay b. show c. point d. draw 44.a. Agree b. Avoid c. Recommend d. Allow 45.a. politely b. impoliteness c. impolitely d. impolite 46.a. or b. but c. either d. nor 47.a. because b. even if c. unless d. though 48.a. location b. stand c. status d. place 60
  27. 49.a. path b. route c. form d. style 50.a. that b. when c. which d. where Unit 4; SCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM TEST 1 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. general1 b. applicant1 c. usually1 d. October2 2. a. parallel1 b. dependent2 c. educate1 d. primary 3. a. physical b. achievement 2 c. government1 d. national1 4. a. eleven2 b. history1 c. nursery1 d. different Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 5. Tommy left high school ___ the age ___ seventeen. a. at / of b. in / for c. on / with d. of / in 6. The academic year in Vietnam is over ___ the end ___ May. a. from / in b. for / on c. on / in d. at / of 7. In ___ most countries, it is compulsory for children to receive primary education. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 8. Over ___ past few decades, ___ schools in the USA have been testing various arrangements. a. the / Ø b. Ø / Ø c. a / the d. Ø / the 9. As an ___, Mr. Pike is very worried about the increasing of juvenile delinquency. a. educate b. education c. educator d. educative 10.In England, primary education is provided by state schools run by the government and by ___ fee-paying schools. a. independent b. independently c. depended d. independence 11.The United Nations Secretary-General has often spoken of the need for individual ___ and human rights in his speeches. a. free b. freedom c. freely d. freeing 12.A/an ___ is an official document stating that you have passed an examination, completed a course, or .achieved some necessary qualifications. a. certificate b. requirement c. education d. test 13.Peter is trying his best to study in hope that he will ___ fame and fortune in the near future. a. lose b. run c. move d. achieve 14.___ is the study of the events of the past. a. Geography b. History c. Arts d. Literature 15.She was the first in her family to enjoy the privilege of a university ___. a. schedule b. education c. science d. technology 16.English is an important ___ that is required in several national examinations: a. language b. test c. evaluation d. subject 17.___ is the study of the Earth's physical features and the people, plants, and animals that live in different regions of the world. a. Science b. Geography c. History d. Technology 18.Bicycles ___ in the driveway. a. must not leave b. must not be leaving c. must not be left d. must not have left 19.Beethoven's Fifth Symphony ___ next weekend. a. is going to be performed b. has been performed c. will be performing d. will have performed 20.Reagan ___ an actor years ago. a. is said to be b. was said being c. was said have been d. is said to have been 61
  28. 21.I hate ___ personal questions by newly-acquainted friends. a. to be asking b. to be asked c. being asking d. of asking 22.It ___ that learning a foreign language ___ a lot of time. a. says / is taken b. is saying / has been taken c. is said / takes d. was said / was taken 23.All bottles ___ before transportation. a. frozen b. were froze c. were frozen d. are froze 24.The trees ___. a. were grown by John yesterday in the backyard b. were grown in the backyard by John yesterday c. were grown in the backyard yesterday by John d. in the backyard were grown yesterday by John 25.___ yet? a. Have the letters been typed b. Have been the letters typed c. Have the letters typed d. Had the letters typed 26.English has become a second language in countries like India, Nigeria or Singapore where ___ for administration, broadcasting and education. a. is used b. it is used c. used d. being used 27.The telephone ___ by Alexander Graham Bell. a. is invented b. is inventing c. invented d. was invented 28.Lots of houses ___ by the earthquake. a. are destroying b. destroyed c. were destroying d. were destroyed 29.In the US the first stage of compulsory education ___ as elementary education. a. to be generally known b. is generally known c. generally known d. is generally knowing Error Identification. 30.The education children are received s during their primary years is crucial for both their personal development and their country as a whole. (receiving) 31.The major goals of primary education is s to achieve basic literacy and numeracy among all students. (are) 32.It is primary education that establishes foundations in science geography, history, as well s other social sciences for young students.(as well as) 33.Most parents prefer an education system which offers the children Widest s study options in the world. (the widest) 34.The purpose of secondary education is to give common knowledge andto prepare for either higher education ands vocational education. (or) Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer. The American education system requires that students complete 12 years of primary and secondary education prior to attending university or college. This may be accomplished either at public or government-operated schools, or at private schools. These 12 years of schooling or their equivalent may also be completed outside the USA, thus giving foreign students the opportunity to pursue the benefits of the American education system and obtain a quality American education. Perhaps one of the most impressive facts is that a large number of presidents, prime ministers and leaders from other countries have experienced the American education system and graduated from a university or school in the USA. In many fields and industries, the American education system offers the most cutting-edge, sought-after programs at the world's best schools. That is why graduating from an accredited American school and being exposed to the rigors of the American education system is an investment in your future. Whether you want to study at a top USA university, a top USA college, a vocational or high school, a thorough understanding of how the American education system works is essential. Without a clear grasp of the American education system, an international student will find it difficult to make the right academic choices. It is no surprise that the American education system and the American school system host more international students than any other country in the world! 35.The expression government-operated could best be replaced by ___. a. independent b. state c. vocational d. boarding 36.According to the text, students in the USA ___. 62
  29. a. are made to take primary and secondary education in the country b. are not necessarily take primary and secondary education in the country c. spend less than 12 years for primary and secondary education d. needn't take primary and secondary education 37.The writer ___ the US education. a. appreciates b. underestimates c. overstates d. dislikes 38.Which is true? a. The US education is not good enough for foreign students. b Foreign students are not offered opportunities in the US: c. There are not many foreign students in the US. d. Many leaders all over the world have studied in the US. 39.What is the writer's advice? a. International students should not invest their future education in the US. b. International students should not study at a top USA university, a top USA college, a vocational or high school. c. Without a clear grasp of the American education system, an international student can make the right academic choices d. International students should have a thorough understanding of how the American education system works before going there to study. Fill in each numbered blank with one suitable word or phrase. Children in (41) ___ Netherlands must be at least four years old to (42) ___ primary education. Almost all 4-year-olds (99.3%) in the country indeed attend primary school, (43) ___ this is not compulsory until children reach the age (44) ___ 5. Primary school is free of charge. In most schools, children are grouped by (45) ___ in mixed ability classes, with one teacher for all subjects. Primary school (46) ___ of 8 groups, thus schooling (47) ___ for 8 years. During the first two years, which (48) ___ kindergarten, children receive an average of 22 hours of (49) ___, during the last 6 years children receive an average of 25 hours per week. Schools are open 5 days a week, but children are free on Wednesday afternoon. At the end of primary school, or in group 8, schools advice on secondary school choice. Most schools use a national test to support this advice, for instance the 'Citotoets’, a test (50) ___ by the Central Institute for Test development. 40.a. a b. an c. the d. Ø 41.a. afford b. enter c. come d. run 42.a. although b. despite c. in spite d. due to 43.a. of b. on c. in d. for 44.a. old b. elderly c. aging d. age 45.a. includes b. contains c. consists d. composes 46.a. spends b. lasts c. lengthens d. takes 47.a. also called b. is also called c. is called also d. is also calling 48.a. educate b. educative c. educator d. education 49.a. develop b. to develop c. developed d. developing TEST 2 Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest. 1. a. expression2 b. easily1 c. depression2 d. disruptive2 2. a. algebra b. musical1 c. politics1 d. apartment2 3. a. mechanic2 b. chemistry1 c. cinema1 d. finally1 4. a. typical1 b. favorite1 c. division2 d. organize 5. a. computer2 b. establish2 c. business1 d. remember2 Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one. 6. The school library is open ___ all of the students and the teaching staff of the school. a. for b. over c. to d. among 7. I have just taken a Test of English as a Foreign Language or TOEFL ___ short. a. of b. in c. on d. for 8. He did not do well at school and left with few ___ qualifications. 63
  30. a. academic b. academy c. academician d. academically 9. The Minister of the Education and Training Department appeared on TV last night to ___ his new policy. a. public b. publicly c. publicize d. publicizing 10.He owed his success not to privilege but to self-education and a driving desire for ___. a. achieve b. achiever c. achievement d. achievable 11.The college offers both ___ and professional qualifications. a. government b. experience c. requirement d. academic 12.Fee-paying schools, often called "independent schools", "private schools" or “___ schools" a. college b. primary c. secondary d. public 13.In the UK, ___ schools refer to government-funded schools which provide education free of charge to pupils. a. state b. secondary c. independent d. primary 14.Mathematics, a required subject in all schools, is __ into many branches. a. grouped b. prepared c. divided d. added 15.Education has been developed in ___ with modern industry and the mass media. a. compulsory b. parallel c. selected d. following 16.School uniform is compulsory in most of Vietnamese schools. a. depended b. required c. divided d. paid 17.___ music is ___ popular pastime at many schools. a. Ø / a b. The / the c. A / the d. The / Ø 18.To apply to ___ UK independent school, you'll need to have ___ good standard of education from your own country a. a / a b. the / a c. an / the d. the / the 19.Education ___ to be the most important element to develop a country. a. often be considered b. can often consider c. can often considered d. can often be considered 20.The preparations ___ by the time the guests ___. a. had been finished / arrived b. have finished / arrived c. had finished / were arriving d. have been finished / were arrived 21.___ in that company? a. Do shoes make b. Are shoes be made c. Shoes are made d. Are shoes made 22.Portuguese ___ as an official language in this city since three hundred years ago. a. has always been spoken b. has been spoken always c. has always spoken d. had always spoken 23.More than ten victims ___ missing in the storm last week. a. are reported to be b. are reported to have been c. are reporting to have been d. are reporting to be 24.___ by your father? a. Did that book write b. Did that book written c. Was that book written d. Was that book be writing 25.Something ___ immediately to prevent teenagers from ___ in factories and mines. a. should be done / being exploited b. we should do / exploiting c. should do I be exploited d. should have done / exploited 26.This car ___. a. was manufactured in Japan by Toyota last year b. was manufactured by Toyota last year in Japan c. was manufactured last year in Japan by Toyota d. last year was manufactured by Toyota in Japan 27.Why ___ on time? a. don't the exercises finish b. weren't the exercises be finished c. aren't the exercises being finished d. aren't the exercises be finished 28.No longer ___ in our office since it ___. 64
  31. a. have typewriters been used / computerized b. typewriters have been used / was computerized c. have typewriters been used / was computerized d. typewriters have been used / computerized 29.When ___? a. were computers used first b. were computers first used c. did computers first use d. are computers first using 30.That machine is useless. It not been used for a long time a. is b. was c. did d. has Choose the best sentence that can be arranged from the words given. 31.our I will / school / if / access / much/ Internet / we / to / learn I the / better / has a. If our school has access to the Internet, we will learn much better. b. If we will learn much better, our school has access to the Internet. c. If our school has much access, we will learn better to the Internet. d. If we will learn better to the Internet, our school has much access. 32.exchange / allows / computers / and / us / to / the / ideas / connect / to / !other / Internet a. The Internet allows us to connect to other computers and exchange ideas. b. The Internet exchange ideas and allows us to connect to other computers. c. The Internet allows us and exchange ideas to connect to other computers. d. The Internet connect to other c9mputers and allows us to exchange ideas. 33.sharing / Internet / encouraging / new / the / of / working / ways / collaboration / is / from / home / and / information a. The Internet is of working from home, collaboration, information sharing and encouraging new ways b. The Internet is working from home, collaboration and information of sharing, encouraging new ways. c. The Internet is encouraging new ways of working from home, collaboration and information sharing. d. The Internet is collaboration and information sharing, encouraging new ways of working from home. 34.need / come / to / class / explain / teacher / sit / at / through / the / home / not / and / may / lesson / to / us/ the / Internet lour / he a. Our teacher may sit at home and explain the lesson to us. He need not come to class through the Internet. b. Our teacher need not come to class. He may explain the lesson to us through the Internet and sit at home. c. Our teacher need not come to class. He may sit at home and explain the lesson to us through the Internet. d. Our teacher need not come to class he may sit at home and explain the lesson to us through the Internet. . 35.access / also / we / use / Internet / music / other / relaxation / and / to / and / download / m9vies / works / for / our / enjoyment / can / and / the a. We can also use the Internet download music, movies and other works for our enjoyment and relaxation and to access. b. We can also use the Internet to access and download music, movies and other works for our enjoyment and relaxation. c. We can also use the Internet to download music, movies and access and other works for our enjoyment and relaxation. d. We can also use the Internet for our enjoyment and relaxation to access and download music, movies and other works. Read the two passages carefully and choose the correct answer. In developing countries, people are sometimes unaware of the importance of education, and there is economic pressure from those parents who prioritize their children's, making money in the short term over any long-term benefits of education. Recent studies on child labor and, poverty have suggested that when poor families reach a certain economic threshold where families are able to provide for their basic needs, parents return their children to school. This 65